By Fresenbet G.: Born April 15, 1707 in Basel, Switzerland, Euler is
hailed as being one of the most brilliant, famous and prolific mathematician
that ever walked the earth! As a child, Euler was heavily influenced by Johann
Bernoulli, who was one of the foremost mathematicians of the time, and also a
close friend of Euler’s family. At the age of thirteen, Euler enrolled at the
University of Basel, and completed his masters at the age of sixteen. At the
time, Euler used to study mathematics with Johann Bernoulli every Saturday.
Johann soon came to experience Euler’s genius firsthand, and urged Euler’s
father to let his son study mathematics. Soon, by the advice of John
Bernoulli’s sons, he started to apply mathematics to the study of physiology. While
studying physiology, he did research on the nature and propagation of sound. In
1727, Euler entered the Paris Academy Prize problem completion, which won him a
second place, though he later won the annual times twelve times. Later on, with
a request from Daniel Bernoulli, Euler traveled to Russia, and soon found
himself a position inside the mathematics department of Imperial Russian
Academy of Sciences. Later on, Euler became the head of the mathematics
department. Euler has made significant contributions to almost all branches of
pure mathematics and physics, publishing more than 800 research papers. Later
in life, even though Euler lost the eyesight of both his eyes, he still managed
to publish. Euler’s identity, a special case of a complex exponential function,
has been hailed by Richard Feynman as being “the most remarkable formula in
mathematics”. His solution to the problem known as the “Seven Bridges of
Konigsberg” is famous to this very day. Euler died on September 18, 1783 at the
age of 76.Leonard
Euler |